Cavalry Horses were the huge support for the armies in war times. Do you know how old this horse cavalry movement is? The cavalry horses staged in World War I as tank warfare or as a scout. But, after World War II they had been majorly used for transportation of troops from one province to another and secondly for supplies purpose.
Now, these Cavalry Horses troops have almost disappeared. Although many nations still maintain their horse cavalry units for different purposes like guarding and inspection, some military units of horses are used in different ceremonial social occasions, educational, and cultural purposes.
Furthermore, different types and breeds of horses were used in warfare times depending upon their strength, speed, and endurance. All these horses were also trained according to their vitalities. Let us find what types of horses were used in war times.
Types Of Cavalry Horses
During the war times, the type of horse used in battle was decided according to the weight carrying capacity, work nature, and the distance that is supposed to be covered. Normally, horse capacity for carrying weight is approximately 30 to 35% of its body weight.
Moreover, the weight added to the horses used to reduce the speed of the horses, and therefore types of horses were distinguished according to the weights carried on them.
Depending on the weights thus types of horses were decided. They were as follows:
Light Weight Cavalry Horses
Lightweight horses were used in the warfare that requires speed, stamina, strength, and swiftness. Such horses were near about 50 to 60 inches tall with 350 to 450 kg of weight. In order to let the horses move quickly, riders or cavalries used to carry a few light-weighted accessories and weapons. These types of horses were therefore used by many cultures like Arabs, Mongols, and Egyptians.
Heavy-weight category horses tend to weigh from 650 to 900 kg. These categories were trained to pull heavy loads. These breeds are therefore supposed to be resilient, rapid, supple, and agile- inclined to remain calm in war times.
Normally, horse capacity for carrying weight is approximately 30 to 35% of its body weight. Medium weight horses were therefore skilled to pull heavy-weights and some light-weighted armors. These were comparatively taller and heavier breeds. Medium weighted larger horses were supposed to supply wagons and timely artillery fragments.
Horses were not only used in the war times to carry riders, weapons, and armors. Moles, Ponies, and other animals like donkeys were also brought in use. Moles were also used similarly to other horses because moles are sometimes hardier and at the same time calm than horses. But in gunfire wars moles could not work that efficiently as the horses did. Hence moles were at such times replaced by the medium-weighted or heavy-weighted horses. Moles were also very good at performing some strenuous tasks like carrying supply luggage to the uneven and difficult landscapes or terrains.